Uganda is a landlocked country bordered by Kenya in the east, South Sudan in the north, Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west, Rwanda in the southwest and Tanzania in the south. Uganda’s total land area is 241,559 sq km. About 37,000 sq km of this area is occupied by open water while the rest is land. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, which it shares with Kenya and Tanzania.
Over 80 per cent of the population live in rural areas and directly survive off the environment and natural resource base.
Known as the “Pearl of Africa” Uganda embraces many ecosystems, from the tall volcanic mountains of the eastern and western frontiers to the densely forested swamps of the Albert Nile River and the rainforests of the country’s central plateau. The land is richly fertile, and Ugandan coffee has become both a mainstay of the agricultural economy and a favourite of connoisseurs around the world.
With a population of 38 million (2018) Uganda is composed of many ethnic groups who come together in the cosmopolitan capital of Kampala, a city with dozens of small parks and public gardens and a scenic promenade along the shore of Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest freshwater lake. The major languages spoken in Uganda are English, Swahili and Luganda while the major religions are Christianity and Islam.
While Uganda is a developing country with a young population it has in the recent past gone through a period of rapid economic transformation with one of the highest economic growth rates in Africa.
Uganda was ranked the number one destination for tourists for the year 2012 by Lonely Planet.